Ferric chloride(solid)

 

Other commercial names

 

Iron(III) chloride, Iron trichloride, Ferric chloride, Molysite, Flores martis

Chemical formula

FeCl3

Product

 type

Industrial   

   

Interactions

In the laboratory, Ferric chloride is usually used as a Lewis acid to catalyze reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts aromatics reactions. Ferric chloride (FeCl3 ) has less power than Aluminum chloride (AlCl3 ), but in some cases, this lower power leads to higher yields, for example in alkalizing benzene.

Production Process

It is manufactured industrially by the reaction of dry chlorine with scrap iron at a temperature of 500 to 700 degrees Celsius. This process is known as direct chlorination.

storage

 

Ferric chloride airtight and waterproof packages should be made of plastic, or anti-acid plastic. They can also be double layer with their inner layer made of plastic, or anti-acid plastic.

 

 

molecular mass

162.2 g/mol (anhydrous)

270.3 g/mol (hexahydrate)  

 

Density

2.898 g/cm3 (anhydrous)

1.82   g/cm3 (hexahydrate)

 

melting point

306 °C (anhydrous)

37 °C (hexahydrate)

 

Boiling point

‎315 °C (anhydrous decomp)

280 °C (hexahydrate decomp)

 

 

Solubility in water

74.4 g/100 mL (0( °C

92 g/100 mL (hexahydrate 20 °C)

 

Crystal structure

 

Hexagonal crystal family

 

Coordination geometry

Octahedral

 
25 kg barrels
Bulk
Barrel 220kg

Description  

File size   

File type

Download

Ferric chloride Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

77Kb

PDF

Ferric chloride Chemical Analysis

305Kb

PDF

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